Archaeological Tour in Ancient Persis
نویسنده: Aurel Stein
This is a complete issue, seldom found in such good and original condition. Narrative of a fascinating expedition into the innermost recesses of ancient Persia, for the purposes of documenting some of the oldest monuments in the history of civilization. Beautifully illustrated with plates and a stellar fold-out colour map of the Fars Province. Features exploration of Persia's northern Province of Fars host to the great Achaemenian sites of Persepolis and Pasargadae. Includes the citadel of Qala-i-Gabri; the palace below Tang-ab gorge; Firuzabad, a ruined Sasanian palace in Sarvistan; the Mound of Tal-i-Zohak in Fasa, and that known as the castle of Bahram, Dehbid; the reservoirs built along cliffs above the ruined 'Town of Ij;' the colossal rock sculptures at Nakhsh-i-Rustam, Darab and much more. Trained as an orientalist and archaeologists, he planned several expeditions to the interior of Asia and used Sanskrit, Persian, Chinese, Turkish, Greek and Latin as scholarly tools to unlock the geographical puzzles, in the process making valuable topographical surveys and penned down his experiences in his famous books. This expedition took him into the heart of Persia, modern day Iran. Iran has a long and rich history, with some of the most famous conquerors and war lords ever to dominate the continent of Asia. Some of the world's most ancient settlements have been excavated in the Caspian region and on the Iranian plateau; village life began there c.4000 B.C. The Aryans came about 2000 B.C. and split into two main groups, the Medes and the Persians. The Persian Empire founded (c.550 B.C.) by Cyrus the Great was succeeded, after a period of Greek and Parthian rule, by the Sassanid in the early 3d century A.D. Their control was weakened when Arab invaders took (636) the capital, Ctesiphon; it ended when the Arabs defeated the Sassanid armies at Nahavand in 641. With the invasion of Persia the Arabs brought Islam. The Turks began invading in the 10th century. and soon established several Turkish states. The Turks were followed by the Mongols, led by Jenghiz Khan in the 13th century and Timur in the late 14th century.
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